While 85 percent of Americans say they know how to eat right, more than half flunked a basic quiz on dietary facts and weight loss. The MDVIP Fat IQ Survey, conducted by Ipsos Public Affairs, reveals contradictory behaviors relating to obesity and weight management and explores deeper motivations that may stimulate lifestyle changes and offer Americans a higher probability of losing weight successfully.
America’s Fat IQ Report Card
Grade on Fat IQ Quiz % of Respondents
A Grade (90%+) <1%
B Grade (80%-89%) 2%
C Grade (70%-79%) 10%
D Grade (60%-69%) 32%
Fail (0%-59%) 56%
“Contrary to what most Americans think, they are largely ill-informed when it comes to proper dieting and weight loss,” said Dr. Andrea Klemes, chief medical officer at MDVIP. “It’s easy for people to become overwhelmed by the constant flood of information, which can be confusing. For instance, many people still believe that strength training makes it harder to lose weight, when actually having more muscle helps you burn more calories. As their report card shows, Americans need help separating the facts from fiction.”
Physician Intervention May Fill Gaps
The survey shows a staggering 82 percent of adults are currently over their ideal weight. When it comes to shedding excess pounds, 4 out of 5 Americans say that hearing from a doctor that they need to lose weight would motivate them (83 percent). An even greater number (90 percent) say they would be influenced if a doctor told them that they have a serious health risk. Yet, only 1 in 5 Americans say they’ve actually asked their primary care doctor for weight loss help or advice (20 percent).
Dr. Klemes said, “Obesity is a serious disease that warrants medical attention and treatment. Yet, the survey data suggests that Americans aren’t tapping into the one resource that could have the most influence on their weight – their physician. Time constraints in the exam room are a serious limitation, plus the misconception that obesity is a personal choice prevents people from establishing an open dialogue with their doctor. Instead, the topic of weight doesn’t come up until it’s manifested into a more pressing health concern like chronic back pain, high cholesterol or worse – a diagnosis of diabetes, heart disease or cancer.”
The survey uncovers additional layers of inconsistency in what Americans say they know about nutrition, dieting, and their motivations and barriers to weight loss:
• 3 out of 4 Americans admit they would feel better if they tried harder to stay fit (75 percent).
o But most say lack of motivation to stick with a diet or exercise plan (58 percent) and lack of willpower to resist food temptations (55 percent) are top reasons they have more difficulty losing weight.
o More than a third of Americans blame their weight-loss difficulties on bad genetics (35 percent).
• 85 percent of Americans claim they have the knowledge to eat the way they think they should.
o However, the same percentage of Americans either under-estimate (50 percent) or don’t know (35 percent) how many calories they need to burn to lose one pound of weight. The correct answer is 3,500 calories.
• 3 out of 4 obese Americans say they diet and exercise out of concern about their long-term health (75 percent).
o Yet, nearly two-thirds of obese Americans believe most diet plans ultimately fail (64 percent).
o 1 out of 4 obese Americans have actually put off or considered delaying a doctor’s appointment until they lost weight.
Comparable to other published data on U.S. adult obesity rates, 35 percent of the survey respondents are classified as obese, and another 30 percent are overweight based on their Body Mass Index (BMI). Obese Americans are known to have an increased risk for many serious diseases and chronic conditions, including hypertension, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, osteoarthritis and some cancers.
In addition to the national findings, the MDVIP Fat IQ Survey provides regional results for 10 major U.S. cities, including New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, San Francisco, Boston, Washington, DC, Atlanta, Houston, Phoenix and Miami.
To learn more about the survey results and to test your own Fat IQ, visit www.mdvip.com/FatIQ.