DNA Testing is the latest revolutionary breakthrough in the field of medical science which helps a person decode their genetics and understand their health better. DNA is what constitutes the basic building blocks of every living creature, plant, animal and human. While and entire species, to races to families do share certain genetic coding, every individual has their own unique DNA which sets every single individual apart from the other. DNA testing not only helps settle different questions such as paternity, ethnicity etc., it is now put to use in determining and identifying health risks as well. Here is everything you need to know about this procedure.
Where to get it from
This is often the first question which comes to people’s mind even before thinking about the nitty-gritties of the process. While there are a number of companies which offer genetic testing, it is always a good idea to go for a Whole Genome Sequencing Company for a more comprehensive testing which will offer you a better understanding of your genes. This test a wide range of factors and diseases that you are susceptible to, and thus, gives you a better overview of the situation. This is also helping you plan your health and lifestyle better to avoid these risks.
What is the process?
The most common procedure of collecting cells for your DNA involves buccal smear, which is simply taking a swab of tissues from the inner surface of your cheek. However, it can be easily done with tissues from other parts of the body as well, such as blood, hair, skin etc. It is extremely simple and completely painless. For a foetal test, the process involves collecting the cells from the amniotic fluid surrounding the foetus.
Why should I get it?
A DNA test can reveal any genetic and chromosomal abnormality that you or your foetus has, and any diseases that might be caused due to these abnormalities. A prenatal test helps rule out several chromosomal diseases of a foetus. In case of adults it can warn them about the possibility of several geriatric and autoimmune diseases, including cancer. Thus, it gives you the chance to take necessary measures to control or prevent the onset of the disease or at least to make medical arrangements for the future.
What are the cons of the process?
Other than the fact that it is not a cheap test, there are no negative effects of the test. But there might be an emotional component that you would have to deal with. In case the tests come out suggesting that you are susceptible to some disease or that your foetus carries certain disorders, you need to deal with the trauma and pain of the knowledge or even the any consequent actions that might be necessary in the case.
If you are considering getting one done for yourself or with your loved ones, understanding these issues might help you be better prepared for your test.