Influenza, commonly known as flu, is one of the most common issues treated by Dr. Eddie Turner of Mableton Urgent Care in Mableton, Georgia. It can be understood as an acute viral infection that usually affects the upper airway. It occurs when the influenza A or B virus attacks the respiratory system, mainly the nose, lungs, and throat. In most cases, the issue can resolve itself without any medication. However, in few cases, it can lead to deadly complications. Some people who are at high risk of developing a flu-related complication include children below the age of five, older adults above the age of sixty-five, residents of nursing homes, expectant women, obese people, and people with chronic issues, such as kidney disease and asthma. Below are some important things that you should know about Influenza.
Symptoms of Influenza
When the viral attack first begins, you may think that you have a common cold, with symptoms such as sore through, sneezing, and a runny nose. But unlike the common cold, which is known to develop slowly, influenza usually comes suddenly. Although a common cold can also be a nuisance, influenza will make you feel even worse. Some of the most common symptoms of influenza include:
- Aching muscles
- Persistent, dry cough
- Nasal congestion
- Fever over 38C or 100.4F
- Sweats and chills
- Weakness and fatigue
- Sore throat
Causes of Influenza
As mentioned earlier, influenza is caused by Influenza A or B virus. The virus is passed from one person to another in droplets through the air when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks. It can also be transferred directly from objects such as computer keyboards and telephones. Some of the risk factors for influenza include:
- Age: the virus tends to attack older adults above the age of 65 and children below 12 months old.
- Chronic illnesses: people with chronic illnesses such as asthma are more susceptible to the viral attack
- Pregnancy: influenza is quite likely to affect pregnant moms and lead to related complications.
- Use of aspirin before the age of 19
- Being obese
Prevention and Treatment
Influenza is a viral infection, and therefore, other than getting vaccinated, there is little that you can do to prevent yourself from it. The flu vaccine is available for anyone above the age of 6 months. However, you can control the spread of the virus by washing your hands regularly, containing your sneezes and coughs, and avoiding crowded places.
Not everyone who gets the flu requires treatment. In some cases, the infection can go away without treatment. You can manage the condition by drinking plenty of fluids, resting, and using over-the-counter pain relievers. In severe cases, it can be treated with antiviral medications.
Overall, it is apparent that influenza is a common illness. In some cases, it can go away without medication, but in other cases, it may be necessary to see a doctor. If you are looking for a reliable family medicine physician to help you in managing the flu in Mableton, GA, Mableton Urgent Care in Mableton is an excellent family care facility for you to visit.