Pests represent organisms that are part of different taxonomic categories. They are usually damaging for both nature and human beings, as they can cause various diseases and affections. Recently. the medical community has started to focus on pest concerns in healthcare because more and more people struggle with complex affections. Humans like to think that they are the only ones living around their home or their garden, but in reality, the space is shared with numerous other organisms. Among these organisms one can encounter worms, insects of all kinds, rodents, fungi, bacteria and so on. Some of the organisms living around your house or your garden can be dangerous for your health and this is the reason why you might want to learn more about this topic and – eventually – learn how to get rid of them. Such organisms can also have benefits in your life, but most of them are harmful. You’ll get to know the difference by reading this article thoroughly. Here’s the list of pests that can affect your health in one way or another:
A list of damaging pests
Mice represent a big problem, especially for the people who have backyards and sheds. Even though mice might seem inoffensive at first, they carry a lot of bacteria that can cause various diseases and affections if not dealt with. When it comes to health risks, being around rodents (especially mice) can lead to lymphocytic meningitis, salmonellosis, Lassa fever or even the hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Cases are rare, but the chance of contacting these diseases exist. These chances are higher when you ignore the pest contamination and you do nothing about it. Mice can scour inside your house and contaminate every area they get in contact with. In case your kitchen is full of mice, you are at risk of contracting salmonellosis or meningitis. Mouse urine is invisible, so thoroughly clean surfaces in the contaminated area. In order to get rid of mice, try some store-bought traps or use homemade repellents such as peppermint sprays, cayenne pepper cotton balls and other.
Rats are in the same category as mice, but they can be even more dangerous. It is well-known that rats carried terrible diseases a while back and it is no secret that they are just as full of bacteria as before. Rats carried the bubonic plague in Europe, so that should be a reason enough to get rid of such pests. Inhaling the waste that rats leave behind is enough to make you contract a disease. For instance, you can contract leptospirosis (that leads to liver, kidney or heart failure) and numerous other diseases that can become fatal if not discovered and treated on time. The bites and scratches caused by a rat get infected easily and could result in an infection called the rat-bite fever. Rodents are very sensitive to odor, so using homemade repellents made out of plants is one way to cope with the situation besides traps. The smell of chamomile is detested by rats and mice. People use it since forever to get rid of rodents in wardrobes or on the floor. Keep in mind that odor won’t kill them though – it will only make them go away.
The pest infestations with cockroaches are the most common one, especially in kitchens and basements. Roaches bring numerous risks to a person’s health by carrying bacteria from environments such as the sewers inside your house. Besides bacteria, they carry dangerous parasites and pathogens that lead to complex diseases. Cockroaches do not necessarily need to contaminate a surface in order to transmit a disease to you. Simply living in your house transforms them into disease carriers. People who live in spaces that were infested with cockroaches develop asthma in time. In order to get rid of roaches, you need to sanitize and prepare your house and garden. Usually, food sources that were left behind attract cockroaches and they quickly multiply. Step one would be eliminating these food sources. In case the infestation is advanced, you might want to contact a pest control company to deal with the issue.
- Bed bugs
Bed bugs are not possible to see with the human eye only. These pests live in your bed and feed on the skin you shed. If you are not careful with the hygiene in your bed, you risk getting rashes, scars, lesions, and infections all over your body. You can develop sensitivity to beg bugs and you might encounter insomnia, anxiety, depression which can lead to affections that are far more dangerous. Actually, getting rid of bed bugs is a lengthy process and it involves complicated measurements. There are no homemade pest repellants for this type of bugs. They need to be removed from your house using chemical substances. Bed bugs can infest furniture, flooring and many more object inside your house.
Gnats are attracted by moisture, food or sugary water. They don’t cause much damage to your home, but they are a problem when it comes to spending time in the garden. Gnats can be dangerous for your health, as they carry pathogens from unsanitary environments, just as in the case of cockroaches. You can get rid of them by placing gnats fruit flies traps all over your garden and maybe even inside your house. Many people believe that gnats do not carry any disease, but the truth is they can contaminate surfaces and food that you will eventually consume.
Instead of dealing with removing pests from the environment you live in, you should focus on preventing them from appearing in the first place. You can do this by investing in prevention products and form a series of habits that keep pests away from where you live. These involve not letting food sit around for too long, cleaning the garbage cans often, cleaning the house regularly, taking further hygiene measurements and so on. Prevention is less expensive and less harmful compared to making the pests go away, so get informed about prophylaxis first.