Malaria is a deadly disease caused by a parasite that usually gets transmitted to humans through mosquito bites. When infected mosquitoes bite humans, the parasite gets into the body and it can even stay in the body for many months. The symptoms may appear immediately within a week after getting infected or it can even show up after a few months depending on various factors. The symptoms should not be ignored as the disease can turn deadly and even lead to fatal consequences when treatment is not provided at the right time. The parasites typically get into the liver and they can stay dormant in this place for a long duration. However, most symptoms start appearing when the parasites enter the bloodstream and start affecting the red blood cells in the body.
Common symptoms of Malaria
- It is common to experience chills when you are suffering from malaria. This usually happens due to the fever which may not be persistent. The chills may come and go frequently and it can also lead to muscle pain in most cases. You can wear warm clothing to get relief from this symptom. It is also a good idea to eat warm food as this can prevent chills to some extent in this situation.
- Apart from that, muscle pain and fatigue are common malaria symptoms that affect most of the patients. The parasites affect the red blood cells and this often leads to reduced blood flow to various muscles. This leads to pain in the muscles and patients tend to get tired easily during this situation.
- Some people also experience nausea and vomiting symptoms and you should be very careful about this problem. When the problem becomes very severe, it can even cause dehydration and lead to severe complications. If these malaria symptoms are accompanied by chest pain and if you are having difficulty in breathing, you should immediately visit your doctor and get the required medical treatment.
- Some patients also complain about a headache and other problems when they are suffering from malaria. If you are frequently getting a headache and have other symptoms of fever, you should always be watchful about such symptoms as they can be early signs of malaria. It is important to visit your doctor at this stage as early diagnosis can lead to a quick recovery from the problem.
- It is common to have a cough and other related symptoms during this situation. While some people have a dry cough, some others may have a persistent cough due to a chest infection. The symptoms may not be specific in most cases and patients may display one or more symptoms in this situation.
- Fever is the most common symptom of this condition and it can vary in its intensity depending on various factors. If you are living in a region that is prone to malaria attacks and when you have had such problems in the past, it is likely that the intensity of fever may not be severe. This is because your body would have developed some level of immunity towards such conditions and the symptoms may not be very obvious in such cases.
- The unique thing about fever in this situation is that it will not be consistent and you may have a fever at one point and you may become perfectly normal within a few hours. However, the cycle can keep repeating itself for many days and you should be aware of such malaria symptoms. In the initial stages, it may look like general flu but a detailed diagnosis will reveal the actual nature of the problem.
- Most people suffering from fever will also display other associated symptoms like a headache, nausea, and cough. Your doctor will carefully analyze all these symptoms and confirm the presence of malaria parasite after a thorough diagnosis.
- Many people also suffer from symptoms of anemia in this situation as the red blood cells in the body gets severely affected due to the malaria parasite. It is more common in children as the immunity levels will be very less and they get tired easily due to fever and other associated symptoms.
Severe symptoms of Malaria
- While the above-mentioned symptoms are mild in nature in most cases, there are some severe symptoms of this condition that needs immediate attention. However, the severe symptoms are rare and it only affects a small percentage of patients suffering from malaria.
- In extreme cases, the destruction of red blood cells in the body will be so high that the patient develops severe anemia. It is important to diagnose the condition properly at this stage and you should treat it immediately to avoid further complications.
- Apart from that, some patients also show symptoms of rashes and it can also cause discoloration of the skin in rare cases. In this situation, the skin may turn slightly yellow in color and this may also indicate other problems with vital organs.
- In rare cases, malaria can also cause problems with the kidney and affect its normal functioning. It can also lead to complete failure of the kidney in rare instances. If you are having pain in the abdomen or kidney region when you are suffering from fever, never ignore them as they can be clear indications of malaria.
- Even though it is very rare, you should be aware of the fact that malaria can also cause death in some cases. It leads to a coma when the condition is not treated at the right time and you should be extremely careful about these problems associated with malaria.
You should be alert about mosquitoes in your surrounding and always use a mosquito net while sleeping. Remember that this infection can spread rapidly in the surrounding and you should take precautions if your area is prone to such attacks. You need to be extra careful if you are pregnant as the disease can get passed on to the baby and affect its overall health in the future. Apart from that, you can also get malaria through blood transfusions and also through infected needles. Make sure to be watchful about the initial malaria symptoms as it becomes easy to treat them when it is diagnosed early. Also, understand that not providing treatment can even lead to death and this disease kills thousands of people every year. However, with proper treatment, it can be effectively controlled in most cases.